Updated Tables for Chapter 4

 

Table 4.4 The Growing Prison Population, 1925-2014 (rates of sentenced inmates per 100,000 in state and federal prison)

             

Year

 

 

Number

 

 

Rate

             

1925

   

91,669

   

79

1935

   

144,180

   

113

1945

   

133,649

   

98

1955

   

185,780

   

112

1965

   

210,895

   

108

1975

   

240,593

   

111

1985

   

480,568

   

202

1995

   

1,085,022

   

411

2005

   

1,462,866

   

491

2014

   

1,508,636

   

471

% increase (1975-2014)

527

   

324

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics, 2012, Table 6.28 (http://www.albany.edu/sourcebook/pdf/t6282012.pdf); "Prisoners in 2014." Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p14.pdf).

 

 

 

Table 4.5 Inmates Held in State or Federal Prisons or in Local Jails, 1985-2014

             
   

Federal or State Prisons

     

Year

Total

Local Jails

Rate

             

1985

742,580

 

487,594

254,986

 

313

1995

1,585,586

 

1,078,542

507,044

 

601

2005

2,193,798

 

1,446,269

747,529

 

737

2014

2,306,117

 

1,561,525

744,592

 

723

             

 

 

 

% Increase

 

 

             

1985-1995

114

 

121

98.9

 

92.0

1995-2005

38

 

34

47.4

 

22.6

2005-2014

5

 

8

-0.4

 

-1.9

1985-2014

211

 

220

192.0

 

131.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources: Proband, S.C. 1997. "Jail and Prison Populations Continue to Grow in 1996." Overcrowded Times 8, 4 and "Corrections Populations Near 6 Million," Overcrowded Times 9 (June); "Prisoners in 2005." Washington DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Revised in 2007 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p05.pdf). "Prisoners in 2014." Washington DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2015 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p14.pdf). "Jail Inmates at Midyear 2014." Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2015. U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States and Puerto Rico, 2014 (http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/totals/2014/index.html).

Table 4.6 Adults on Probation, in Jail, and on Parole, 1980-2014

 

             

Year

 

Total

Probation

Jail

Prison

Parole

             

1980

 

1,822,127

1,118,097

163,994

319,598

220,438

1985

 

3,011,494

1,968,712

254,986

487,593

300,203

1990

 

4,348,042

2,670,234

403,019

743,382

531,407

1995

 

5,342,868

3,077,861

507,044

1,078,542

679,421

2005

 

7,142,171

4,162,300

747,529

1,447,942

784,400

2014

 

7,027,117

3,864,100

744,592

1,561,525

856,900

             

 

 

 

% Increase

 

 

             

1980-2014

286

246

354

389

289

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources: "Probation and Parole in the United States, 2005." Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2006 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/ppus05.pdf). Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics, 2011, Table 6.1 (http://www.albany.edu/sourcebook/pdf/t612011.pdf). "Probation and Parole in the United States, 2014." Washington DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2015 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/ppus14.pdf). "Prisoners in 2014." Washington DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2015 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p14.pdf). "Jail Inmates at Midyear 2014." Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2015 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/jim14.pdf).

                         

 

 

Table 4.7 State Prison Inmates, by Offense, 1982-2012

 

             
         

% Increase          (1982-2012)

Offense

1982

1992

2002

2012

             

Violent*

215,300

369,100

624,900

707,416

 

229

Property

114,400

181,600

253,000

247,201

 

116

Drug

25,300

168,100

265,100

210,384

 

732

Public Order

17,800

56,300

87,500

140,694

 

690

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Violent offenses include murder, negligent and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, sexual assault, robbery, assault, extortion, intimidation, and other violent offenses. Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/glance/tables/corrtyptab.htm).  "Prisoners in 2012." Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2013, Table 13 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p13.pdf).

 

 

Table 4.8 Inmates in Local Jails, 1985-2014 Race-Specific Rate per 100,000

             

Year

 

 

White

 

 

Black

             

1985

   

73

   

368

1990

   

106

   

568

1995

   

122

   

700

2005

   

166

   

800

2014

   

143

   

626

             

 

 

 

%Change

 

 

 

             

1985-2014

 

96

   

70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: "Correctional Populations in the US, 1998." Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2002 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cpus9802.pdf). "Prisoners in 2005." Washington DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2006 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p05.pdf). "Jail Inmates at Midyear 2014." Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2015 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/jim14.pdf). U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States and Puerto Rico, 2014 (http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/totals/2014/index.html).

 

Table 4.9 State Prison Inmates by Offense and Race, 1986-2013

 

             
         

% Increase

Offense

1986

1991

2003

2013

1986-1991

1986-2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

             

Violent

           

White

88,591

121,865

227,100

223,900

38

153

Black

119,694

150,972

294,000

282,000

26

136

             

Property

           

White

63,785

74,612

120,100

117,700

17

85

Black

58,833

70,668

100,700

81,700

20

39

             

Drugs

           

White

14,174

29,845

64,800

67,800

111

378

Black

14,201

80,304

133,100

79,900

465

463

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Sourcebook on Criminal Justice Statistics, 1995. Washington, D.C.: Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1996, p.550; Sourcebook on Criminal Justice Statistics, 2003 (http://www.albany.edu/sourcebook/pdf/t600012003.pdf); "Prisoners in 2014." Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2015 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p14.pdf).

 

 

Table 4.10 Sentenced Inmates in State or Federal Prisons by Demographic Characteristics, 2014 (rate per 100,000)

 
                   
 

 

Male

 

 

 

Female

 

Age

All Male

White

Black

Hispanic

 

All Female

White

Black

Hispanic

Total

890

465

2,724

1,091

 

65

53

109

64

1819

317

102

1,072

349

 

14

8

32

17

2024

1,365

584

3,868

1,521

 

96

72

152

94

2529

1,912

958

5,434

2,245

 

170

150

244

165

3034

2,129

1,111

6,412

2,457

 

185

163

264

174

3539

1,982

1,029

6,122

2,272

 

155

138

229

137

4044

1,689

942

5,105

1,933

 

132

119

213

107

4549

1,417

815

4,352

1,602

 

111

90

203

94

5054

1,081

633

3,331

1,320

 

72

57

128

67

5559

698

400

2,178

978

 

37

27

72

42

6064

422

252

1,265

680

 

20

15

37

25

65+

158

109

418

299

 

5

4

8

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: "Prisoners in 2014." Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2015 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p14.pdf).

 

 

Table 4.11 Lifetime Likelihood of Going to State or Federal Prison for the First Time for Individuals Born In 1974, 1991, and 2001.

             

Race / Ethnicity

Born in 1974

Born in 1991

Born in 2001

             

White

           

Male

 

2.2%

 

4.4%

 

5.9%

Female

 

0.2%

 

0.5%

 

0.9%

             

Black

           

Male

 

13.4%

 

29.4%

 

32.2%

Female

 

1.1%

 

3.6%

 

5.6%

             

Hispanic

           

Male

 

4.0%

 

16.3%

 

17.2%

Female

 

0.4%

 

1.5%

 

2.2%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bonczar, T. P. (2003). "Prevalence of Imprisonment in the U.S. Population, 1974-2001". Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2003 (http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/piusp01.pdf).